Group U Eclipses

Eclipses are when the moon or the earth or other planets block the light from the sun.

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This can mean darkness in the middle of the day.

the next solar eclipse will be on August 12, 2026.

Solar eclipses:

As seen from the Earth, a solar eclipse is a type of eclipse that occurs when the Moon passes between the Sun and Earth, and the Moon fully or partially blocks ("occults") the Sun. This can happen only at new moon, Hence why the sun is blacked out. refer to the phases of the moon for why this is.

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However, since the moon is so small, it only covers a certain bit of the earth. other parts are unaffected.

Lunar Eclipse:

Up to three times a year, the full Moon's bright face slowly changes to a dark orange colour. This is called a lunar eclipse. It happens when the Moon is exactly on the opposite side of the Earth to the Sun. The Moon then passes through the Earth's shadow. But some sunlight is able to pass through the Earth's atmosphere and reach the Moon, giving it an orange colour.

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Unlike a solar eclipse, which can be viewed only from a certain relatively small area of the world, a lunar eclipse may be viewed from anywhere on the night side of the Earth. A lunar eclipse lasts for a few hours, whereas a total solar eclipse lasts for only a few minutes at any given place, due to the smaller size of the Moon's shadow.

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Partial Eclipses:

When only a small part of a solar or lunar eclipse is in action. Most of a solar eclipse is actually only partial, due to the moon moving over the sun very quickly. There is only a full solar eclipse for about as long as 7 minutes 31 seconds, though most total eclipses are usually much, much shorter. However, a full lunar eclipse can last for up to 107 minutes!

Eclipses in Ancient Times

Eclipses have been tracked and recorded by astronomers since ancient times, which stretches back to at least 2500 BC in the writings that have survived from ancient China and Babylon. Eclipses were often thought to be signs from the gods.

Interesting Facts about Eclipses

-The word "eclipse" comes from the Greek word "ekleipsis" which means "abandonment" or "downfall."
-The longest that a solar eclipse will last is seven and a half minutes.
-The most solar eclipses of any type that can occur on Earth within a year is five.
-A total solar eclipse occurs about every 1.5 years.
-Animals sometimes become confused and behave strangely during a total eclipse of the Sun.

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