Group Q The History Of Space Travel

in 1942 the first rocket that reached 100km from the earths surface the rocket was the german v2 the rocket was designed by Wernher Von Braun, who after worked with NASA to create rockets that went to the moon.

in 1947 the first animals were launched into space the animals that travel was tested on was fruit flies they were used because they are more like humans you could imagine! the flies got sent into space with corn to eat

in 1949 albert II was the first monkey into space, he was a Rhesus monkey, a type of monkey that originally comes from Asia. albert went to space on the 14th of june. in a specially adapted american v2 rocket that flew up to the height of 83 miles away from earth.

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by 1959 both american and russian scientists were having a race to see who could get the first space craft to the moon.the russians were the first. Space-probe Luna 2 crash-landed into the moon at a speed that would kill an astronaut if one had been travelling in it! It was ten more years until a human visited the moon's surface.

On 12th April 1961, Russian Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first man in space. Gagarin's spacecraft, Vostok 1, completed one orbit of the earth, and landed about two hours after launch.Gagarin had to bail out and land using his parachute, because the Vostok 1 was designed to crash land!

the first woman in space was Russian cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova. After her 1963 mission, Valentina became an important member of the Russian Government, and has been awarded many honours and prizes for her achievements. A crater on the far side of the Moon is named after her.

In 1963 US President John F. Kennedy promised the world that the US would land men on the moon before 1970. Before risking people's lives, NASA sent a robot spaceship, to make sure they could land safely.

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